Christmas Tree Oil And Gas Pdf
Although the terms are used interchangeably a wellhead and christmas tree are entirely separate pieces of equipment.
Christmas tree oil and gas pdf. A vertical assembly of mechanical elements used in oil exploration and production in surface and underwater oil and gas wells primarily for flow control. Choke frac stack frac tree pressure gauge production tree. Wellhead and christmas tree components types functions and more free download as powerpoint presentation ppt pptx pdf file pdf text file txt or view presentation slides online.
In petroleum and natural gas extraction a christmas tree or tree is an assembly of valves casing spools and fittings used to regulate the flow of pipes in an oil well gas well water injection well water disposal well gas injection well condensate well and other types of wells. Well completions an assembly of valves spools pressure gauges and chokes fitted to the wellhead of a completed well to control production christmas trees are available in a wide range of sizes and configurations such as low or high pressure capacity and single or multiple completion capacity see. A wellhead must be present to utilize a christmas tree and is used without a christmas tree during drilling.
Tree manifold or other plet plem. It comes in the types of normal oil production wellhead thermal recovery wellhead offshore wellhead low and high pressure anti sulfide wellhead. This presentation is a course a bout wellheads which includes the basic components of the well head and the advanced techniques.
It is named for its resemblance to a decorated tree at christmas. In areas where oil is found in shallow reservoirs seeps of crude oil or gas may naturally develop and some oil could simply be collected from seepage or tar ponds. Oil has been used for lighting purposes for many thousand years.
Jumpers in subsea oil gas production systems a subsea jumper is a short pipe connector that is used to transport production fluid between two subsea components for example a tree and a manifold a manifold and another manifold or a manifold and an export sled. The maximum operation pressure of the wellhead and christmas tree is 105. Its name is.
Historically we know of tales of eternal fires where oil and gas seeps would ignite and burn. Helping students who care about petroleum industry to increase their. In the complicated but vital industry of drawing oil and gas out of the earth and getting it to the surface people often get confused about the difference between a christmas tree assembly and a wellhead.
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