Christmas Tree Equipment Oil And Gas
A wellhead and christmas tree x mas tree are important pieces of equipment in oil and gas industry.
Christmas tree equipment oil and gas. Wellhead christmas tree for oil gas. This allows for surface regulation and monitoring of the production process. Well completions an assembly of valves spools pressure gauges and chokes fitted to the wellhead of a completed well to control production christmas trees are available in a wide range of sizes and configurations such as low or high pressure capacity and single or multiple completion capacity see.
Many times the words christmas tree and wellhead are used interchangeably. Wellhead and christmas tree is the main equipment for oil production water injection and downhole operation. In petroleum and natural gas extraction a christmas tree or tree is an assembly of a multi valved structure consisting of valves spools and fittings used to control the ﬂow of oil from the well.
It is a separate piece of hardware that connects to the wellhead after the. In the oil gas industry a christmas tree is a piece of heavy equipment that controls the flow produced by a well. It is named for its resemblance to a decorated tree at christmas.
In petroleum and natural gas extraction a christmas tree or tree is an assembly of valves casing spools and fittings used to regulate the flow of pipes in an oil well gas well water injection well water disposal well gas injection well condensate well and other types of wells. In oil production the x mas tree rests on the wellhead. Christmas tree equipment ansi api specification 6a twentieth edition october 2010 effective date.
Wellhead and christmas tree composed by three parts including casing head tubing head oil gas tree used to connect casing string tubing string and sealing layers between the casing and tubing of the annular space between so to control the wellhead pressure and wellhead flow it also could be used for acid fracturing water injection testing and other special operations. X mas tree is an assembly of fittings valves and spools that help to control the flow of oil and gas. National adoption iso 10423 2009 modified petroleum and natural gas industries drilling and production equipment wellhead and christmas tree equipment.
The shape of the wellhead structure with valves looks like a pine tree so the wellhead is called as christmas tree. For oil and gas exploration. April 1 2011 contains api monogram annex as part of u s.
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